The basic premise is that we should have alkaline and acidic foods in a ratio of 70/30, though this varies wildly! Some alkalising diets advocate drastically reducing all acid-forming foods, including fruit, meat, dairy and even green tea. Some charts determine acidity or alkalinity on the food before it is consumed. The effect the food has on the body after it has been consumed is more important.

When fresh, natural, nutrient-rich foods are listed as acidic, common sense must prevail. Meat might be acidic, but with a plate-load of veg, the 70/30 ratio is easy to achieve. We do need both for our bodies to function – too alkaline can be as unhealthy as too acidic! In principle, a good protocol to adopt using the best points as a part of an overall way of eating.

Highly alkaline foods –

pH 9.5 alkaline water, Himalayan salt, grasses, cucumber, kale, spinach, parsley, broccoli, sprouts (soy, alfalfa etc), sea Vegetables (kelp), green drinks, all sprouted beans/sprouts.

Moderately alkaline –

avocado, beetroot, peppers, cabbage, celery, spring greens, endive, garlic, ginger, green beans, lettuce, mustard greens, okra, onion, radish, red onion, rocket, tomato, lemon, lime, butter beans, soy beans, haricot beans, chia, quinoa.

Mildly alkaline –

artichokes, asparagus, Brussels’ sprouts, cauliflower, carrot , chives, courgette, leeks, new potatoes, peas, rhubarb, swede, watercress, grapefruit, coconut, buckwheat, spelt, lentils, tofu, other beans & legumes, goat/almond milk, most herbs/spices, avocado/olive/coconut/flax oil.

Neutral –

chickpeas, kidney/black beans, cantaloupe, currants, fresh dates, nectarine, plum, sweet cherry, watermelon, amaranth, millet, oats, soya beans, rice/soy/hemp protein, freshwater wild fish, rice/soya milk, Brazil/pecan/hazelnuts, sunflower/grapeseed oil.

Moderately acidic –

fresh, natural juice, ketchup, mayonnaise, butter, apple, apricot, banana, blackberry, blueberry, cranberry, grapes, mango, orange, peach, papaya, pineapple, strawberry, brown rice, oats, rye bread, wheat, wholemeal bread, wild rice, wholemeal pasta, ocean fish.

Highly acidic –

Alcohol, coffee/tea, sweetened fruit juice, cocoa, honey, jam, mustard, miso, rice syrup, soy sauce, vinegar, yeast, dried fruit, beef, chicken, eggs, farmed fish, pork, shellfish, cheese, dairy, artificial sweeteners, syrup, mushrooms.

Alkaline Foods:

Vegetables:

Asparagus, broccoli, chilli, capsicum/pepper, courgette/zucchini, dandelion, green beans, mange tout, spinach, kale, wakame, kelp, chives, endive, chard, cabbage, sweet potato, Brussels’ sprouts, cauliflower, carrot, beetroot, eggplant/aubergine, onion, celery, cucumber, watercress, lettuce, peas, new potato, pumpkin, radish

Grains and Beans:

Amaranth, buckwheat, brown rice, chia, kamut, millet, quinoa, spelt, broad beans, lentils, cannelloni beans, mung beans, pinto beans, kidney beans, soya/edamame beans, haricot beans.

Fruit:

Avocado, tomato, lemon, grapefruit, fresh coconut.

Grasses and Herbs:

Wheatgrass, barley grass, kamut grass, coriander, basil, garlic, parsley.

Nuts & Seeds:

Almonds, coconut, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds.

Oils:

Avocado oil, coconut oil,flax oil, olive oil.

Breads:

Sprouted bread and wraps, gluten/yeast free breads, pittas and wraps.

Miscellaneous:

Alkaline water, tofu, goat’s milk, almond milk, herbal tea.

Acid Foods:

Meat:

Bacon, beef, clams, corned beef, eggs, lamb, lobster, mussels, offal, venison, fish, oysters, pork, rabbit, sausages, scallops, shrimp, tuna, turkey, veal.

Fruit and veg:

Apple, apricot, currants, dates, grapes, mango, peach, pear, prunes, raisins, raspberries, strawberries, tropical fruits, berries, cantaloupe, cranberries, currants, honeydew melon, orange, pineapple, plum, mushrooms.

Nuts and Seeds:

Cashews, peanuts, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, Brazil nuts, chestnuts, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts.

Dairy and Eggs:

Butter, cheese, milk, whey, yogurt, cottage cheese, ice cream, sour cream, soy/vegan cheese, eggs.

Oils:

Cooked oil, solid oils (tub spreads), oil exposed to heat, light or air.

Condiments:

Mayonnaise, ketchup, mustard, soy sauce, pickles, vinegar, tabasco, tamari, wasabi, artificial sweeteners.

Drinks:

Alcohol, black tea, coffee, fizzy water, juice, cocoa, energy drinks, sports drinks, cola, tap water, milk, green tea, decaffeinated drinks, flavoured water.

Other:

Miso, white breads, pastas, rice and noodles, chocolate, crisps, pizza, sweets, corn syrup, fructose, processed sugar, saccharine, sucrose, sucralose, honey, maple syrup.